The section contains accounts of and lists of resources on the major cases decided by the Supreme Court dealing with affirmative action and racial preferences in higher education. It also includes a number of active cases currently being litigated.
The first set of tabs describe prior affirmative action cases, all of which have had a tremendous impact on the doctrine. These include: DeFunis v. Odegaard (1974); Bakke v. University of California (1978); Grutter v. Bollinger (2003); Gratz v. Bollinger (2003); Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin (2013) (Fisher I); and Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin (2016) (Fisher II).
The second set of cases are those currently being litigated: Students for Fair Admissions v. Harvard (currently seeking a writ of certiorari from the Supreme Court); Students for Fair Admissions v. University of North Carolina (currently awaiting decision in federal district court); Students for Fair Admissions v. Yale University (just recently filed); Coalition for TJ v. Fairfax County School Board (also in the very initial stages of litigation); and Boston Parents for Academic Excellence v. School Committee of Boston (preliminary decisions from the federal district court and Court of Appeals for the First Circuit).
Under each case, we provide links to the court decisions, key documents, procedural history, the case’s meaning and consequences, and a bibliography.