Gratz was a companion case to Grutter v. Bollinger (2003). The Court noted that Grutter held that diversity was a compelling educational interest and allowed the use of race in admissions decisions. But it invalidated an admissions system used by the University of Michigan’s undergraduate college that awarded a specific number of “points” to underrepresented minorities in an admissions formula that, while looking at a wide variety of other applicant characteristics, gave disproportionate weight to race in an inflexible, mechanical manner.